When the glaciers receded after the last Ice Age, they left behind a mosaic of depressions in an area now called the Prairie Pothole Region with countless wetlands that store water and provide habitat for a wide variety of plants and animals.
Wetlands are low-lying areas covered by water that support the growth of aquatic plants and animals. They can be identified by their distinctive plant communities and soils. Although water is the defining feature, wetlands are much more than just water. Prairie wetlands are dynamic, functioning ecosystems.
Wetlands are an important part of native prairie biodiversity – as much as 80% of Saskatchewan’s wildlife relies at least partly on the shelter and food found in areas such as wetlands, to survive.