“Herpetile” is a general term which is used to refer to both Amphibians and Reptiles. Herpetology is the field of Zoology dedicated to the study of these animals.
One thing that all Reptiles and Amphibians have in common is their status as “cold-blooded” animals.
This does not mean that their blood is actually cold though. They are Thermoconforming animals which means that their blood is the same temperature as their environment because their bodies do not produce heat.
Eastern Yellow-bellied Racer
Threats include habitat loss, small population size, road mortality, and disturbance to hibernacula (over-wintering dens)
Identifiable by its yellow coloured belly and olive dorsal scales
Prairie rattlesnakes and Eastern Yellow-bellied Racers can share their hibernacula!
Northern Leopard Frog
Vulnerable to Invasive Fish and Bullfrogs in their Breeding Ponds.
Breathes through its Skin
Only Males call, they do this to attract females
How does the Northern Leopard Frog survive the winter?
AHibernates at the bottom of a deep lake
BMigrates to someplace warm
CNeither: The cold doesn’t affect it because it’s a cold-blooded animal
The lake must be deep enough that it doesn't freeze to the bottom. The Northern Leopard Frog breathes the oxygen dissolved in the water through its skin while it hibernates.
Western Tiger Salamander
At risk due to Habitat Loss and Fragmentation as well as Invasive Predatory Fish and Emerging Diseases
Increasing human populations and road densities have increased the potential for Road Mortality during seasonal migrations between breeding sites and overwintering habitats
Both larvae and adults are Carnivorous (meat eaters) and feed on a wide range of small prey
Greater Short-horned Lizard
Viviparous: Gives live birth instead of laying eggs
Can Shoot Blood out of its Eyes when provoked!
Sit-and-Wait Predator which feeds primarily on Ants
Blood Shooting Eyes
by Nat Geo WILD
The Greater Short-Horned Lizard defends itself from predators with excellent camouflage, a spiky body it can puff up like a pufferfish, and by shooting blood from its eyes!