The concept of Fire Starter and Time Keeper began with an initial theme of fire, as one of the four elements of Indigenous teachings.
The central sculpture is pump fire drill, a variation of the ancient bow drill, used by Indigenous people for thousands of years. With just two sticks, a string and a rock with a hole in it, and a fire board, a person can start a fire in any situation when matches or lighters are not available.
The horizontal cross bar is slid over the vertical spindle and then the rope is twisted around the spindle. The base of the spindle is placed in the socket of the fire board. As the cross bar is pumped up and down, the spindle spins, creating heated friction in the socket, until eventually hot coals of saw dust fall into the notch cut-out in the fire board. The embers are carefully scraped into a ball of tinder, which can be made of many different materials such as birch bark, pine needles, dried moss or grass and cedar bark. The fly wheel stone’s addition to the ancient bow drill helps to increase the velocity, to achieve a quicker embers and at the same time balances the pumping action.